Website Bibliography


Association for Gravestone Studies. AGS Field Guide No. 8: Symbolism in the Carving of Gravestones. 

Michael Bath and Betty Willsher, Emblems and Art History: Nine Essays: Emblems from Quarles on Scottish Gravestones, 1996.

Berresford, Sandra. Italian Memorial Sculpture 1840-1940. Frances Lincoln Limited, 2004.

Thomas Bridgman, Memorials of the Dead in Boston: Containing exact transcripts of Inscriptions on the Monuments in the King’s Chapel Burial Ground, In the City of Boston, (Boston:1853)

Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Richard Upjohn.” Encyclopedia Britannica, January 19, 2022.

Brown, John Gary. Soul in the Stone, Cemetery Art From America’s Heartland. University Press of Kansas, 1994.

Cooper, J.C. An Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Traditional Symbols. Thames & Hudson, LTD 1978.

Gamble, Robert. “Historic Architecture in Alabama”, University of Alabama Press: 1990, 80-92.

Harwood, Jeremy. The Freemasons. Anness Publishing LTD, 2006.

Harriette M. Forbes, Gravestones of Early New England (And the Men Who Made Them) 1653-1800, (New York: Da Capo Press, 1967), 113.

Jacobson, Kimberly R. Greene County and Mesopotamia Cemetery, Arcadia Publishing, 2007.

Keister, Douglas. Forever Dixie, A Field Guide to Sourthern Cemeteries & Their Residents, Gibbs Smith, 2008.

Keister, Douglas. Going Out in Style, The Architecture of Eternity. Facts on File, Inc. 1997.

Keister, Douglas. Stories in Stone, A Field Guide to Cemetery Symbolism and Iconography. Layton, Utah: Gibbs, Smith Publisher, 2004.

King, Gregg G. Michigan Historic Cemetery Preservation Manual. Ann Arbor, MI: McNaughton and Gunn, Inc., 2004.

Ludwig, Allan I., Graven Images, New England Stonecarving and its Symbols, 1650-1815. Weselyn University Oress, 1966.

 Northrup, A. Dale, Detroit’s Woodlawn Cemetery, Arcadia Publishing, 2003.

Meier, Gary & Gloria, Knights of the Whip, Timeline Publishing Company, 1987.

Meyer, Richard, ed. Cemeteries & Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1992.

K. O’Neil, The John Foster Gravestone, Florida State University.

Francis Quarles, Emblems Divine and Moral [published with] Hieroglyphics and the Life of Man (London, 1777).

Timothy B. Riordan, The Stonecutter of Boston: An examination of his work and an hypothesis concerning his identity, Markers XXXIV: (2018), 86-98.

Seibert, Peter Swift. Fraternally Yours, Identify Fraternal Groups and their Emblems. Schiffer Publishing LTD, 2012.

Sledge, John S. Cities of Silence, A Guide to Mobile’s Historic Cemeteries. University of Alabama Press, 2002.

Snider, Tui. Understanding Cemetery Symbols, A Field Guide to Historic Graveyards. Castle Azle Press, 2017.

Waterhouse, Richard. Sacred Symbols of Oakland: A Guide to the Many Sacred Symbols of Atlanta’s Oldest Public Cemetery. University of South Carolina Press.


Ancestry.Com, Last modified February 2022.

Find A Grave, Last modified February 2022.

Greene County Alabama GenWeb, Last modified February 2022.

The Historical Marker Database, Life and Death in Colonial Boston, accessed 1 June 2022.

Newspapers.Com by Ancestry, Last modified February 2022.